I’ve already mentioned it in passing here on the blog and on Twitter, but this is sufficiently important to warrant its own post. There are currently plans to refurbish the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin to the tune of a government grant of €10 million to make space for the Pietzsch Collection, a large and significant collection of modern art donated in 2010 to the German National Galleries, under the Foundation of Prussian Cultural Heritage.
This will mean that the works currently occupying that space — one of the world’s finest collections of old master paintings have to be relocated. A collection that includes major works by many of the greatest painters of European history, from Dürer, Cranach, Roger van der Weyden and Bruegel, Masaccio, Filippo Lippi , Botticelli, and Bellini, to Titian, Raphael, and Caravaggio, Rembrandt and Vermeer, to name but a few. Apparently, the current plan is to hang a selection of them in the galleries of the Bode Museum on the centrally placed Museumsinsel, while the rest will have to go into storage until at least 2018, when a new museum for the pictures is scheduled to open.
This is a terrible idea. The collection of the old masters numbers hundreds of masterworks only a fraction of which could be accommodated at the already perfectly organised and presented Bode Museum. To integrate them into that museum’s stellar holdings of European sculpture would do a disservice to both collections and inevitably lead to many works going into storage for years, and who isn’t to say that the 2018 schedule will overrun? Add to this the general risk such a move poses to the works themselves.
And besides, the current Gemäldegalerie, designed by Hilmer & Sattler and Albrecht and opened in 1998, was built for its current purpose. It’s that rarest of recent art galleries — a building that actually prioritises the display of art instead of the architect’s vanity. Its rooms are well-proportioned, naturally lit and tastefully designed. And simultaneously the gallery pulls off an inspired architectural conceit by leaving empty a hall the size of a football pitch at its centre, where visitors can pause and reflect before reentering the galleries. The perfect venue for the display of one of the world’s greatest collections of European painting.
Of course, it would work well for modern painting too, and the Pietzsch collection does sound awesome, not to mention entirely too large for inclusion in Mies van der Rohe’s amazing Neue Nationalgalerie next door. Furthermore, the plan to empty the Gemäldegalerie seems at least in part born of necessity — apparently the Pietzsches have donated their collection on the condition that a substantial part of it goes on immediate display.
Still, the plan strikes me as a troubling concession to unreasonable demands on part of the donors, and — what’s worse — a particularly egregious manifestation of the current tendency worldwide to prioritise twentieth-century art over that of previous centuries. The reigning notion that anything before the impressionists is somehow stale and inaccessible to a broad audience betrays a sad failing of the imagination on the part of art historians and curators, not to mention a lack of historical awareness. That the indisputably important developments of twentieth-century modernism are routinely given pride of place over the combined production of all previous centuries cannot but suggest larger cultural amnesia. It’s almost as if the Berlin authorities in their effort to patch up one historically determined lacuna — the relative dearth of the art termed “degenerate” by the Nazis — are perpetuating a new one.
There’s a petition going round to make the German National Galleries reconsider this ill-advised plan. Surely, some other solution — if all else fails, perhaps rotating the display of twentieth-century art at the Neue Nationalgalerie — can be arrived at. Please consider signing it and circulating to friends and colleagues who might be interested.
Photo from the Gemäldegalerie by Roi Boshi.